In awe of a star - Identifying the artwork in the opening Comet Sequence

This article was contributed by Viivi and relates to the episode The Beginning and the End of Chris Carter's Millennium television series.

Articles relating to the series in general are linked to the first episode, Pilot.


Welcome Frank.
There are 21 days remaining.


About Our Episode Articles

Millennium articles

These Millennium episode related articles have been kindly supplied by fellow Millennium fans.

The articles are linked to their respective episodes both here and in the detailed Millennium episode profile pages.

Articles can relate to the whole series in general, in which case it will be linked to the Pilot episode, or relate to specific aspects of Millennium's episodes, perhaps but not limited to expanding upon events, characters, production, background references or the general mythology.


Want to Submit an Article?

Would you like to submit one or more Millennium episode related articles for other fans to enjoy?

Simply write your article and contact us when it's completed or if you should have any questions.

You don't have to be an expert, there is no maximum size and you can be as concise or as in-depth as you like. We'll spell check all articles for you and we won't edit your article provided it does not contain inappropriate language or remarks.

We look forward to hearing from you, whether you have a few paragraphs, an essay or want to share a large article about the series and its episodes.

Currently, the following fans of Millennium have kindly shared their episode related articles:


Episode Reviews and Articles

Episode Reviews

There are currently 4 episode reviews available for this episode. You can access a list of all Millennium Episode Reviews here.

Related Articles:

There are currently 3 related articles available for this episode. You can access a list of all Millennium Episode Articles here.


Related Pages

You can access more information about this episode of Millennium using the following links:


Related Websites

You may also be interested in the following external websites and links which relate to this episode:

  • Sorry there are currently no related external links for this episode.

Millennium Episode Profiles

To quickly view any Millennium episode profile, select one from the list below and click the Show Me button:


Article Stats

This Millennium article has been viewed 22174 times.

It was last viewed on Monday, December 10, 2018, 9:24 PM (UTC).

Episode Profile

Episode Title:

 The Beginning and the End

MLM Code:


Production Code:




Original Airdate:


Episode Summary

Is it the beginning of the journey or the end when Frank allows his vengeance for the Polaroid stalker to push him over the edge in a relentless search for Catherine? The Millennium Group pulls Frank more deeply into its secretive ranks in an effort to bring closure to the abduction case with the knowledge that his work for them is not yet done.

Main Crew

Written by Glen Morgan & James Wong
Directed by Thomas J. Wright
Edited by Chris Willingham, A.C.E.

Episode Stills

A random image from this Millennium episode
A random image from this Millennium episode
A random image from this Millennium episode

There are a total of 200 available images from The Beginning and the End.

Awards and Nominations

This episode of Millennium did not receive any Nominations or Awards.

In awe of a star - Identifying the artwork in the opening Comet Sequence

An image from Millennium: The Beginning and the End.

At the opening sequence of the episode The Beginning and the End we see a comet on its journey through space, accompanied by Frank Black's monologue.

When he mentions a comet's appearance being considered as the prophecy of the birth of kings and the death of empires, glimpses of two pieces of art are shown.

Adoration of the Magi by Giotto di Bondone - click for full size.

The first, showing a comet and the holy family, is a detail of the fresco Adoration of the Magi (1304-06) by the Florentine painter and architect Giotto di Bondone. The fresco is one of many in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua, Italy, representing scenes from the life of the Virgin and Christ.

This painting shows the three magi having come to pay their respect to the newborn child and his family in the stable in Bethlehem. Above them shines the star that showed them the way, vividly depicted as a rushing ball of fire. The situation seems peaceful and quiet. An angel is also present. Only the camel driver is an exception of the otherwise devout group, as he's paying his attention to the camels while the others concentrate on the baby. It has been said that Giotto used this contrast to increase the effect of the main scene.

It has been calculated that Giotto could have seen Halley's comet in the year 1301 and depicted it as the star of Bethlehem in this painting a few years later. Interestingly, some theologians have suggested that the star of Bethlehem in the Bible could be explained by the appearance of Halley's comet in the year 12 BC.

Bayeux Tapestry - click for full size.

The other piece of art that we see during Frank's monologue is a detail from the Bayeux Tapestry (c. 1073-83). This 240-foot-long, 73 meters, work of art is not really a tapestry with a woven design, but a strip of linen embroidered in coloured wools. It tells in words and pictures the story of the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England. The two combatants are the Anglo-Saxon English, led by Harold Godwinson, and the Normans, led by William the Conqueror.

The scenes and figures on the tapestry are somewhat stiff, yet expressive. This detail shows six Anglo-Saxons marvelling at an extraordinary star. The text in Latin beside the comet, isti mirant stella, approximately translates as 'these ones are looking at the star'. Like the one in Giotto's painting, this has also been identified as Halley's comet, appearing in the year 1066. Four of the men are pointing their finger at it, emphasizing the astonishment and unease created by the sight. In the middle ages, a comet was considered a bad omen. Later the same year King Harold died at the battle of Hastings.

Knowing the facts above, it would be tempting to assume that the comet which Frank looks at in the opening scene and which reappears during the episode as well as in some of the later episodes, would also be Halley's comet. However, that can't be the case because the events of the show take place during the last few years of the 1990's, and the latest appearance of Halley's comet was in 1986. It will reappear next in 2061 or 2062.

According to the Polaroid Man, the comet is P1997 Vansen-West. But, as Brian Dixon of the Millennial Abyss has discovered, that name is one of the many Millennium inside-jokes. It refers to Lieutenant Nathan West and Captain Shane Vansen in Space: Above and Beyond by Glen Morgan and James Wong.

Apparently, the model for Frank's comet was Hale-Bopp. Its appearance in 1997 could rightfully be defined as spectacular, and this two-tailed comet gained a lot of attention worldwide. Unfortunately, it also created panic as nothing quite like it had been seen for decades. Some believed that the comet was being followed by an alien spacecraft which resulted to the mass suicide of the followers of the Heaven's Gate cult.

An image from Frank's Life of a Comet soliloquy - (open for larger image).

An image from Frank's Life of a Comet soliloquy - (open for larger image).

An image from Frank's Life of a Comet soliloquy - (open for larger image).

Sources for Giotto di Bondone:
Hugh Honour & John Fleming: A World History of Art, 1982.
The Web Gallery of Art,
The Wikipedia article at

Sources for the Bayeux Tapestry:
Hugh Honour & John Fleming: A World History of Art, 1982.
The Wikipedia article at

Sources for the comets:
The Wikipedia articles at