Gemstone InfoAmazonite Amethyst Amethyst Aquamarine Aventurine Carnelian Citrine Corundum (Ruby & Sapphire) Emerald Fluorite Garnet Hematite Jasper Lapiz Marcasite Moonstone Onyx Peridot Rose Quartz Sodalite Tigereye TurquoiseAmazoniteAmazonite is a type of microcline or silicate of potassium and aluminum. It is usually light green to a bluish green often with a crisscross pattern of light colored lines. This semi-opaque material has a hardness of 6. Originally mined from the Amazon River area of Brazil, amazonite is now mined in the US, Madagascar, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Australia, and Russia. It is usually carved into many different shapes or cut into spheres and cabs.AmethystThe pink to purple variety of quartz is called amethyst. The name is derived from the Greek word "methystos" which means, "not drunk". Old folklore has it that the stone would keep one from getting drunk. Amethyst is wide spread throughout the world, with larger concentrations of the mineral in Brazil and Uruguay. This gem has a hardness of 7 and often is formed in large triangle crystals or in clusters such as those found in geodes. A popular gemstone, Amethyst (SiO2) has the same chemical makeup as citrine, rose quartz, and tiger-eye.AmetrineThis rather exotic stone, typically has two colors in the same gem. Purple (amethyst) and yellow (citrine) come together to form this unique stone. Ametrine is found in mainly Bolivia. This quartz gem has a hardness of 7 and often is formed in large trigonal crystals or in clusters such as those found in geodes. A unique gemstone, Ametrine (SiO2) has the same chemical makeup as amethyst, citrine, rose quartz, and tiger-eye.AquamarineAn aquamarine is a blue-green beryl, which is a silicate of beryllium and aluminum. The color of the stone is influenced by the amount of iron in the silicate. Typical crystal structure is hexagonal in nature and has hardness between 7.5 and 8. The gem found mainly in pegmatites. Aquamarines can be found in Brazil, Siberia, Madagascar, and the US. The most valuable stones are a transparent sky blue. Another type of beryl is the green emerald. This stone's color is influence by the amount of Chromium in the silicate, not the amount of iron, as is the case with an aquamarine.Aventurine A spangled variety of quartz, although generally uniform in color, the stone can be found in different shades of green, brown or red due to the presence of flecks of mica and hematite. Aventurine symbolizes HOPE. It cleanses the etheric emotional and mental bodies. Activates, clears and protects the heart chakra. Often used to treat disorders of the lungs, heart, gland and muscular system, this stone assist one in knowing the true design of the physical body and honoring that. Supplements ones ability to honor ones decisions and to trust the decisions of self to be those for the highest and best interest of the physical self. Relieves anxiety and fear.CarnelianCarnelian combats fear of public speaking and impotence. Carnelian is a very highly evolved mineral healer. Often referred to as the Master Communicator. It energizes the blood and enhances the functions of all eliminative organs. It vitalizes the physical/mental and emotional bodies. Aligns the etheric bodies and enhances attunement with inner self. Facilitates concentration and opens the heart. It is a warming and joyous gem.CitrineThe yellow to brownish yellow variety of quartz is called Citrine. It is found in Brazil, North Carolina, California, Spain, and Russia. This gem has a hardness of 7 and often is formed in large trigonal crystals or in clusters such as those found in geodes. A popular gemstone, Citrine (SiO2) has the same chemical makeup as amethyst, rose quartz, and tiger-eye. In fact amethyst, when heated, will turn yellow like citrine.Corundum(Ruby & Sapphire)Corundum is an aluminum oxide with a hardness of 9, second only to the diamond. The more valuable varieties of corundum come from Sri Lanka, Thailand, America, Cambodia, Burma, Australia, India, and Tanzania. A ruby is red corundum. Most rubies contain inclusions, therefore the more valuable rubies contain a small amount of inclusions. A ruby is just a notch below the diamond and emerald as far as value of the cut gem. Most of the very high quality rubies come from Burma. A sapphire is blue corundum. This color can be a dark blue to almost black. Sapphires polish very well, like all corundums, and have a nice luster. Sapphires are also very valuable and are comparable to the prices of rubies. All other colors of corundums have a variety of names, such as pink rubies, pink sapphires, violet sapphires, yellow sapphires, green sapphires, and colorless sapphires. Additional corundums that are rather popular are the star ruby and star sapphire. These stones have a six-ray star visible from almost any angle. Very fine needles of rutile within the corundum cause this star.EmeraldAn emerald is a green beryl, which is a silicate of beryllium and aluminum. The green color of the stone is influenced by the amount of chromium in the silicate. Typical crystal structure is hexagonal in nature and has a hardness between 7.5 and 8. The gem is sometimes found in granite, mainly in pegmatites. Emeralds are rare, but can be found in Columbia (from the famous Muzo and Chivor mines), Brazil, and East Africa. Prices for fine quality emeralds can exceed the value of diamonds. A top quality Emerald would contain only a few small inclusions not visible to the naked eye. All emeralds do contain some inclusions, which are caused by mica, pyrite, calcite, or other minerals. Another type of beryl is the blue-green aquamarine. This stone's color is influence by the amount of iron in the silicate, not the amount of chromium, as is the case with an emerald.FluoriteKnown as the "Genius Stone" fluorite is thought to increase concentration and decision making. The many colors of fluorite, according to healers, have different mental healing specialties. Fluorite allows one to remain calm and centered in ones own spirituality while dealing with the everyday world. Balance the positive and negative aspects of ones mind. Physical: Strengthens bones and teeth, helps to remind the body of the original DNA/RNA patterns in the formation of the skeletal structure. Emotional: Focuses ones energy and attention in the physical body. Increases ones ability to perceive higher levels of reality. Encourages one to maintain ones ideals of health and well-being.GarnetThis versatile gem has a hardness of 6.5 to 7.5 and is found throughout the world, with larger deposits in Arizona, Kenya, Brazil, India, and Thailand. This gem can be actually a number of different chemical compositions. The more popular types of garnets include, Rhodolite, Grossular, and Spessartine. Garnets are typically red to dark red, but can also be shades of orange and green.HematiteHematite - Slightly grounding, reduces stress, enhances personal magnetism, optimism, will, courage. "Stone for the mind" it helps one to realize that the only limitations which exist are self-limiting concepts within the mind. Stimulates attainment of peace, self-control, and inner happiness. Balances yin-yang energies. Assists in the focusing of energy and emotions for balance between the body, mind, and spirit. Helps transform negativity to the purity of the universal light of love.JasperJasper is "Known as the 'supreme nurturer'. It is often worn by shaman to provide protection. It balances the yin yang energy and balances the physical, emotional, and intellectual bodies with the etheric energies. It stabilizes the aura, providing for a cleansing effect to smooth dysfunctional energies and eliminate negativity".LapizLapis is a gem rock composed of several blue minerals of the feldspathoid group, together with pyrite, calcite, and often other materials, mostly silicates. Lapis was prized by Ancient Egyptians as a coveted gemstone. Lapis symbolizes Royalty.MarcasiteThis stone helps us to see ourselfs from an outside view and produces insights that help us to painlessly correct qualities that are unwanted. It encourages us to "shine".Stimulates the senses and intellect, dispels the use of rash words and impatience.MoonstonePopular with the Romans, who thought it was formed out of moonlight, and in India, where it is considered a sacred stone, moonstone is the most valuable variety of feldspar with an iridescent sheen known as adularescence. A symbol of the Third Eye, moonstone is said to balance yin/yang, protect against epilepsy and sun stroke, and help cure headaches and nose bleeds. Moonstone is a highly prized gift for lovers as it arouses tender passion. It also accentuates the wearer's nature, whether positive or negative. Translucent with white, pink, yellow, soft sheen. Soothes stress, anxiety, women's hormones/menstrual imbalance, lymph. Enhances intuitive sensitivity via feelings and less overwhelmed by personal feelings. Greater flexibility and flow with life. For emotional balance, gracefulness. Helps all be more comfortable with our gentler feminine/yin receiving side. Especially for water signs.OnyxOnyx is known to separate. It can help release negative emotions such as sorrow and grief. It is used to end unhappy or bothersome relationships.Onyx is associated with Capricorn. It has been the birthstone of July. Onyx is the symbol of Saturn. It encourages good fortune, enhances self-control, stimulates divisiveness. Strengthens the center of the skeletal system. Allows for internal support of outer desire banishes grief and allows one to separate with grace and ease. Assists one in becoming the orchestrator of one’s future. Helps one to recognize one’s strengths and to utilize them to one’s best interest.PeridotPeridot, sometimes called olivine, is a silicate of magnesium and iron. This gem is typically an olive green. The yellow version of this silicate is called chrysolite. The more transparent, the more valuable the stone. Peridot is not typically found as a large stone, generally smaller stones are more common. This gem is found on the island of Zebirget in the Red Sea, in lava in Hawaii, Burma, Italy, Germany, Arizona, and Brazil. Having a hardness of 6.5 - 7.0, this stone is cut into many shapes, including round, diamond, pear, oval, and square cuts.Rose QuartzRose Quartz - It emits a calming, cooling energy which can work on all chakras to gently remove negativity and to reinstate the loving, gentle forces of self love. Good to wear in a chaotic or crisis situation. It is "the stone of gentle love" bringing peace and calm to relationships. It can be used for spiritual attunement to the energy of love. It is a rejuvenating agent for both physical body and the emotions. It is an excellent energy for healing emotional "wounds". An excellent stone to give to express friendship.SodaliteSodalite brings inner peace. Keep sodalite in your pockets and in every room of your house, so its peaceful properties will flow all around you. Sodalite is a dark blue stone with white calcite interspersed. It is sometimes confused with lapis lazuli as it also has small specks of pyrite in it. The largest deposit of sodalite is in BrazilSodalite is said to improve thyroid metabolism. It is the stone of athletics, as it stimulates endurance. It is said sodalite will harmonize the inner being or the conscious and subconscious mind. Sodalite promotes peace and harmony. It is sometimes referred to as the stone of endurance, this stone helps one to be grounded and focused before beginning any task. It assist one in following through to completion with ease. Strengthens the thyroid gland and assists the body in efficient metabolism. It has been used to treat nervous stomach. Assists one in allowing for forthright communication of feelings tempered with compassion for the recipients reaction. It opens one to support and self-esteem building situations while promoting a sense of openness and self confidence in one’s choices.TigereyeTigereye Tigereye is derived from a mineral called crocidolite, which has been oxidized to golden brown from it’s original blue color and has been completely replaced by quartz; this inimitable gem shows rippling light which shifts across the surface when moved. Tigereye symbolizes Watchfullness, clear thinking, helps in manifesting will, courage, and confidence. It Aids in the clarity of perception, sometimes referred to as the stone of commitment, it assists the user in forming clear and defined ideals around responsibility to relationship. Soothes the abdomen and strengthens the navel chakra, opens the circulatory system to a more uniform and consistent flow. Tiger-eye often signifies a need to complete unfinished communications; to bring closure or at least an up to date status to relationships and projects.TurquoiseTurquoise is a healing stone. Attracts friendships, luck, and happiness. Releases shame and guilt. The Egyptians began mining Turquoise in the Sinai Peninsula around 5500 BC. In Ancient times the Egyptians, Persians, Mongols and Tibetans all valued Turquoise highly. The Persians preferred sky blue Turquoise and the term "Persian Turquoise" is now used as a color grade, not a geographical indicator. In Persian, Turquoise is known as Ferozah, meaning victorious and it is the national gemstone of Iran to this day. In Asia it was considered protection against the evil eye. Tibetans carved Turquoise into ritual objects as well as wearing it in traditional jewelry. Ancient manuscripts from Persia, India, Afghanstan, and Arabia report that the health of a person wearing Turquoise can be assessed by variations in the color of the stone. Turquoise was also thought to promote prosperity. In the first Millennium AD both the Chinese and Native Americans becoming captivated by the blue stone. In Mexico, the Aztecs began mining Turquoise between 900-1000 AD. The Anasazi people mined Turquoise in what is now Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado.